First aid for sports may be needed at any time. Unfortunately, sports and injury are inseparable. There are many causes of injury. These can be simple non-compliance with safety rules and various disorders of low quality sports equipment, sports fields and other sports venues, the behavior of other players and so on. The most common injuries are bruises of varying severity, open and closed fractures, bleeding, sprains and dislocations of the joints. In all of these cases, timely first aid not only alleviates the condition of the injured athlete, but also prevents complications that can occur with inactivity in the first minutes after injury.
First aid for bruises:
First of all, you need to apply cold to the bruised area. Ice wrapped in a clean cloth is best, but a cold wet towel will also work. In the first minutes and hours after an injury, cold not only reduces pain, but also reduces internal bleeding and prevents extensive hematomas and swelling of the soft tissues associated with them. First aid to the victim should begin with cooling. After that, you need to make a tight bandage from the bandage. The bruised area should be in a calm state. It is also necessary to use anti-inflammatory ointment, rub it under the bandage. In the same way, first aid is given to stretch the ligaments.
First aid for fractures, dislocations and bleeding:
First aid when bleeding should be as soon as possible, especially if the bleeding is heavy. In this case, it is necessary to put a tourniquet on the wound. You should also immediately treat the wound with an antiseptic, hydrogen peroxide solution so that the dirt on the wound is washed away and the risk of pus is significantly reduced. When bleeding from the nose, the patient should be placed in such a way that the head is not thrown back. A gauze soaked in hydrogen peroxide should be placed in the nostril, a cloth or gauze soaked in cold water on the bridge of the nose.
First aid for fractures can provide maximum immobility of the fractured bone, as well as cooling the body area. Any sticks, boards, pieces of plywood, etc. can serve as tires that need to fix the joints at the top and bottom of the damaged area. If the arm is broken, it is bent at the elbow and tied with a bandage, if the fracture is in the shoulder region, the limb is tied to the body. During transport, a broken leg is tied to a healthy leg. For open cracks, sterile dressing should be applied to the wound. If there is a dislocation, under no circumstances should you try to repair the damaged joint yourself. You can only make the problem worse. In conclusion, I would like to emphasize that after receiving first aid, the victim should be immediately taken to a hospital or emergency room and examined by a doctor.